For years, people have been going under the knife for aesthetic reasons. Such surgeries are referred to as cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery, but what a lot of people aren’t aware of is that there is a notable difference between the two.
Plastic surgery is performed on people who need to repair or reconstruct disfunctional body parts that may have been disfigured or deformed. Reasons for disfiguration commonly include accidents and burns, birth defects such as a cleft lip and palate, trauma, developmental abnormalities, or diseases. Three of the most common reconstructive methods include skin grafts, wherein lost or damaged skin is replaced by skin taken from other body parts; skin flap surgery, wherein healthy, living tissue is transferred or repositioned; and tissue expansion, wherein tissue around affected areas is stretched in order for ‘extra skin’ to grow and reconstruct the damaged part of the body.
On the other hand, cosmetic surgery is performed on people who wish to improve or enhance their appearance to reach societal or individual aesthetic ‘standards’ or ideals. The most popular surgical procedures include breast augmentation, or the enlarging (or in some cases, decreasing) of breast size, liposuction or the suctioning of fats from the body, rhinoplasty or the reshapening or recontouring of the nose, and the face-lift, a procedure that removes or improves signs of aging such as sagging skin and fatty deposits, or creasing from the nose to the mouth.